This technology is a novel split peroxidase-based system for the detection of protein-protein interactions and has applications in the fields of cell and molecular biology, drug discovery, and diagnostics.
Split protein reporter systems have potential applications for research of cell signaling events, detection of interactions between different cell types, sensing of environment pollutants, quantification of biomarkers, and diagnosis of disease states, including allergies and infectious diseases. Most existing split protein reporter systems are limited in that they enable detection by only a single modality (i.e. fluorescent or colorimetric or chemiluminescent). Furthermore, many split protein reporters are limited in their sensitivity of detection, with each detection event generating only a weak luminescent signal.
Split peroxidase reporters, such as split horseradish peroxidase (HRP) and split enhanced ascorbate peroxidase 2 (APEX2), overcome these limitations because once the full-length peroxidase is reconstituted, it is a versatile catalyst that generates signal for a wide array of detection modalities, including fluorescence, colorimetric readouts, and chemiluminescence. Furthermore, the peroxidases can generate contrast through a reaction with diaminobenzidine (DAB), generating a polymer that can be visualized with nanometer resolution using electron microscopy, or they can be utilized for spatially restricted proteomic mapping through proximity tagging with the probe biotin phenol.
This technology is based on the generation of a split-peroxidase system, where the peroxidase enzyme is split into two components that, alone, are catalytically inactive. Proteins of interest can be tagged with these peroxidase components. When distinct proteins of interest interact, the two complementary components of the peroxidase enzyme are brought into proximity. These components associate to form the complete, active enzyme that can catalyze a wide array of reactions, enabling diverse detection modalities. Split peroxidases can be expressed in mammalian, yeast, and bacterial cells.
- Readout from protein-protein interactions is highly sensitivity owing to catalytic amplification by the reconstituted peroxidase enzyme
- Flexible system - split peroxidase tags can be fused to any protein of interest, and a variety of reagents and detection tools can be used to detect peroxidase activity
- Enables high-resolution detection of intercellular protein-protein interactions