Solid electrolytes with I-4 crystal structure improve the performance of lithium-ion batteries. Lithium-ion batteries are used in many applications ranging from portable electronics to electric vehicles.
Current electrolytes in lithium-ion batteries are flammable organic solvents and can be unstable. In addition to their inherent stability, solid-state electrolytes are nonflammable and may allow the use of metal anodes, increasing battery energy density considerably.
LiZnPS4 was investigated and found to be a good ionic conductor especially if the lithium content is increased beyond 1 Li per 4 S atoms. The conductivity is comparable to current solid state electrodes (5.7 x 10-4 S/cm); however, LiZnPS4 does not require expensive elements such as germanium, which is a key component of previous electrolytes. LiZnPS4 and other I4 structured materials improve Li-ion batteries by replacing flammable electrolytes, improving electrochemical stability, and decreasing production cost.
- Removes flammability associated with organic electrolyte
- Improves electrochemical stability
- Easily synthesizable