Multilayer Microhydraulic Technology


This technology has applications in the field of microhydraulic motors (actuators) specifically, precision robotics for surgeries, exoskeletal joints, microscale operating systems, and programmable and self-assembling materials.  

Problem Addressed

The ubiquitous inductive electric motor has been impossible to miniaturize below approximately a gram in mass, due to inherent inefficiencies from thermal losses.  Achieving motion in a small form factor has remained a technological challenge, often addressed with piezoelectric or thermal actuators working at sub-optimal efficiencies.  Microhydraulic actuator technology provides an efficient and scalable motor technology solution, for motors down to milligrams in mass, and provides much higher torque density for motors at any size scale. 


A microhydraulic actuator works via electrowetting, a technique that applies electrical voltage to water droplets on a solid surface, thereby distorting the surface tension of the liquid. This distortion is leveraged by the actuator when it forces the liquid droplets inside the actuator to move the entire unit. Originally, this took place via a thin polyimide film sitting on top of a thick base. This technology provides enhancements by incorporating the electrode and droplet arrays into one thin film. Multiples of this singular, thin layer can be stacked while remaining individually powered to form a liquid interconnected network. In doing so, this technology allows for optimized characteristics of microhydraulic systems (increased power, torque, etc.).  


  • Optimized characteristics of traditional microhydraulic systems  
  • Increased reaction time of system due to its multilayer design  
  • Decreased stiction and abrasion common in other mechanical systems

Intellectual Property

Pending US Patent Application

  • 63/134284