Nano-sized coatings improve the performance of electrodes in lithium batteries. Lithium batteries have applications ranging from power tools to hybrid electric vehicles.
LiMPO4 materials are of interest for rechargeable Li batteries as they are safe, relatively inexpensive and very stable. However, LiMPO4 materials are relatively weak conductors; therefore, they are typically coated with carbon. This technology is a coating that is extremely stable, a good ionic and electronic conductor, and can be applied in-situ (during synthesis of the material) or ex-situ (after synthesis) of the electrode material.
Due to demand for lightweight, high energy density batteries, improvements in the energy storage of battery materials is needed. This coating is an amorphous or microcrystalline glass of Li-P-O-N-Fe. The coating can be applied in-situ or ex-situ and at a 44C rate the material has over 120 mAh/g capacity. At 60C the material retains 100 mAh/g capacity, the best performance observed for a LiFePO4 electrode. The material increases cyclability, rate capability, and capacity retention through increasing the electronic conductivity.
- Can be applied in-situ or ex-situ
- Increases cyclability, rate capability, and capacity retention