- Integrated Circuit Fabrication
- Biomolecule Arrays or Sensors
- Nanowire growth
- Graphene Patterning
- Computational Material Development
- Sub-wavelength photonics
Block copolymer (BCP) self assembly and electron beam lithography (EBL) are two techniques used to fabricate nanostructures. BCPs can create smaller and denser structures than can be typically achieved with standard lithographic methods, but the patterns they create are often randomly oriented and positioned. EBL can accurately design structures according to given layouts but has many steps and is consequently slow and impractical for large volume manufacturing.
The invention consists of a hybrid approach to nanopatterning which first uses the precision of electron beam lithography to define nodes as an outline to patterning and then uses self assembled block copolymers to rapidly fill in the intervening space between the nodes and hence define an overall pattern. By using electron beam lithography to only pattern the nodes - and not the entire design - there is a 30 fold increase in speed of patterning thus allowing technologies which require high resolution patterning to fabricate structures in a realistic and cost effective time.
- Increases throughput by having a 30 fold increase in patterning speed over that achieved by electron beam lithography alone, thus reducing the time necessary for patterning. For example conventional EBL may require an entire month to pattern a surface while the hybrid approach will have the pattern made in a day
- Nodal grid gives more precision to patterning than using block copolymers alone which gives better resolution to patterned structures