Controlling Semiconductor Interfaces

Applications

This technology can be used to integrate group III-V semiconductors on silicon-germanium for making:

  • high-efficiency solar cells
  • lasers
  • high-speed transistors
  • and light-emitting diodes (LEDs)

Problem Addressed

Integrating thin films of different semiconducting materials on a conventional silicon-germanium substrate gives rise to high performance devices with lower cost and higher reliability.  However, the difference in the structural properties of these materials from the substrate makes the integration process challenging often leading to defects in the devices manufactured.

Technology

This technology enables controlled growth of a semiconductor material (e.g., Gallium Arsenide Phosphide) on a silicon-germanium substrate. Instead of simply matching the lattice structure of the two materials at the interface boundary, the material fabrication methodology involves specially crafted strain-engineering technique that disrupts defect formation. The technique when augmented with proper initiation condition results in a substantial reduction in the defect density. This opens up a huge opportunity in the manufacturing of semiconducting materials with overall improved capabilities and device performance.

Advantages

  • Low defect density, Increased yields 
  • Improved material manufacturing process
  • Applicable for a wide range of material composition
  • Enabler for high performance devices