- Communications and radio frequency (RF) applications
- Electronic systems needing sharp and monolithically integrated filters
- Solid state high-Q MEMS resonators
- Timing and clocks
- Modulating lasers for on-chip optical waveguides
- Narrow-band lasers and optical filters
MEMS resonators are high-Q, narrow-band filters are used in communications and RF applications. The high-Q, narrow-band filters lead to a more selective filter and the oscillators have a lower phase noise over conventional designs. However, current designs are not fully solid-state and require post processing which cannot be fully integrated.
The invention is a novel way of guiding elastic waves and confining mechanical vibrational energy using phononic crystals and adiabatic (slow) transitions in a completely solid-state commercial CMOS stack. This requires that phonons, quanta of sound, are completely contained within the CMOS die. The result is a 35 times improvement in the Q-factor of the phononic crystal CMOS resonant body transistors (PnC-CMOS RBTs). The invention can also be used as a phononic trap or coupled with on-chip micro- and nano-photonics to achieve on-chip opto-mechanical coupling. The invention is applicable in all operational frequencies which can be fabricated by current CMOS technologies.
- 35x quality factor improvement over phononic crystal CMOS resonant body transistors
- Low-phase noise oscillators eliminate the need for bulky Quartz crystals