Solid-State Activation of Li202 Oxidation Kinetics and Implications for Li-O2 Batteries

Applications

Transition metal nanoparticles can enhance oxidation kinetics in rechargeable lithium-air batteries. This technology has application for industries that require high-energy density battery systems, such as the electric vehicle industry.

Problem Addressed

Existing lithium-air battery designs suffer from slow charge/recharge rates due to poor oxidation kinetics of Li2O2 formed upon discharge of the electrochemical system. This requires large voltages for Li2O2 oxidation to occur and results in low roundtrip efficiencies of rechargeable lithium-air batteries. In addressing the slow fundamental kinetics of recharge, this technology employs transition metals to serve as catalytic materials.

Technology

This technology uses transition metals to promote the generation of oxygen involved in Li2O2 oxidation. Use of transition metals as catalytic material can improve stability, cycling, and efficiency of electrochemical systems. The catalytic material can include nanoparticles or other compositions of molybdenum (Mo), chromium (Cr), or their oxides for use in electrodes. Use of these transition metals as promoters in Li2O2 oxidation kinetics can lower charging potentials and enhance efficiency of lithium-air batteries.

Advantages

  • Enhanced efficiency of lithium-air batteries
  • Lower recharge potentials
  • Use of catalytic materials free of expensive precious metals or their oxides