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Problem Addressed

Various methods currently exist to decontaminate OPs — such as oxidizers to displace phosphorous atoms in the compound, metal ions or enzymes to catalyze the hydrolysis of the compound, or magnetic nanoparticles to ease the separation of the compound. However, regardless of the specific method chosen, all of these approaches require extensive synthesis and pre-treatment of the substrates they are used on (such as a protective clothing liner, air filter, or colloidal dispersion in water bodies). 

The current technology provides a simplified means of attaching multiple OP-degrading compounds (termed as "reactive groups") to a variety of substrates. As aforementioned, this method can also be used to attach bactericidal reactive groups, so as to combat bacterial infections.