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Problem Addressed

Demand for the supply of fresh water throughout the world is increasing rapidly. Seawater desalination plants are rapidly expanding as natural water resources are depleting. Traditionally, thermal processes, such as Multiple-effect distillation and Multi-stage flash distillation, have been the most popular and economical methods for seawater desalination. However, seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) has quickly gained popularity as an even more economical method due to recent advancements in the industry. Given that seawater desalination is a highly energy intensive process, energy costs are the major production costs in all large-scale seawater desalination methods. Therefore, tools to minimize the energy cost are eagerly sought.